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101 renewable - small turbine dumping load calculation

Article Details

Last Updated
1st of October, 2018

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[Project calculation notes:]

Step 1: Determine the number of resistive dump loads.

To determine the number of resistive dump loads (number of active resistors) for a small wind turbine system we have to consider some values for our system components:

Battery bank has following system voltage: 12V DC; 24 V DC; 48 V DC. This value has to be multiplied by 1.2 to obtain the real voltage for a full charged battery bank.

Step 2: Calculate the Peak Power obtained at wind turbine coils.

Most of the time we can read this value from the wind turbine power curve or the manufacturer may specify the value rated for slow fuse coresponding to the specific system voltage.

Step 3: The dump load resistor value in ohms.

Once we have determined all these values we will try to calculate the number of dump loads we need in order to be sure our wind turbine will not get in flames in case of system shut off.

We will consider the most common battery bank voltage size used with small wind turbines: 24V DC. The 24 Volt DC Systems it is used on Boats, RVs, utility projects in communication and remote data acquisition.

Our small wind turbine is a Chinook 200 with a power of 200 Watts @ rated wind speed of 12.5 m/s and a max current value of 15 amps, protected from a slow 15 Amps fuse.

That will allow us to correct the system peak power values based on the max voltage from the battery bank fully charged and max amps the system can carry as load.

Power = Volt x Amps = (29 volts x 15 amps) =435 Watts System Peak Values @ 12.5 m/s (standard rated wind speed)
Peak Voltage = 29 Volt Max Amps = 15 Amps Peak Power = 435 Watt

Step 4: A step further we will calculate the resistors values.

We will use following formula: Resistance = (DC Voltage System)/ Peak Power Turbine R = 24V Volt/ 435 Watt = 1.32 Ohm

We have to look for a dump load resistor bigger as 1.32 Ohms and capable of sustaining a load with a peak value of 435 Watts. To be conservative we will look for a resistor capable of supporting twice the resistive values calculated and to work above the system peak voltage of 29V.

A 3-ohm resistor @ 30 V peak voltages will be considered the best choice. In our case we consider DL300 dump load resistor with peak 32 V DC and 15 A DC. DL300 dump load resistor is a Chinook dump load resistor and it has an operating voltage range: 7 to 32 volts DC and when no load dumping it will carry a residual 3.0mA @ 24 volts.

In the next step, we have to calculate the power consumed by 3.0 ohm DL300 dump load resistor. There for we will calculate the current load at dumping for our 3 Ohm resistor for the Peak Voltage of 29 V DC.

Current = (Battery bank voltage)/(Resistor’s resistance) = (29 volts)/(3.0 Ohms) = 9.67 Amps

Step 4: Now that we have the Amps load at dumping we can determine the real power consumed by our resistor at dumping:

Power = Volt x Amps = (Battery bank voltage) x (amps through resistor) = (29 volts) x (9.67 amps) = 280.43 Watts

We consider 280 Watts for our DL300 dump load resistor.

Step 5: As the last step in our calculation, we have to determine how many of DL300 with peak dump load of 280 Watt we need in order to clear our wind turbine Peak Power of 435 Watt in the case of shut off.

N = Number of 3 Ohm resistors with peak dump load of 280 W
Peak Power = DL 300 Peak Power x N N = (Peak Power ) / ( Dump Resistor Peak Power) = 435 Watt / 280 Watt = 1.55 units
We round to the next digit value and we will have 2 of DL 300 dump load resistors mounted in parallel.
Total Dumping Load Power installed = 560 Watt > System Peak Power = 435 Watt

 

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